Doktora Yeterlilik Sınavı

Doktora Yeterlilik Sınavı

Students should pass written exams in 4 of the following 6 areas:

1. Thermodynamics

  • Laws of thermodynamics, work and heat, reversibility and irreversibility, principles of thermodynamic cycles (1 Ch. 1-2; 2 Ch.1,3,4,7,8; 3 Ch. 4)
  • Conditions of equilibrium (i.e., thermal, mechanical, and chemical), phase transitions, stability criteria  (1 Ch. 4; 4 the entirety of the book; 2 Ch.15; 3 Ch. 2)
  • Phase diagrams: (1 Ch. 8-9 (excluding ternaries); 2 Ch.11; 3 Ch. 9; 5 Ch.s 2, 3, 5, and 7; 6 Ch.s 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 7 Ch. 8; 8 Ch. 4.1-4.3)
  • Thermodynamic functions and Maxwell equations (1 Ch. 3; 2 Ch.10; 3 Ch. 7)
  • Thermodynamics of solutions, unary and binary systems (1 Ch.s 5,7)
  • Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics (1 Ch. 10; 2 Ch.12; 3 Ch.s 15, 16)
  • Principles of electrochemistry (1 Ch. 6)

2. Transport and Kinetics

  • Diffusion (10 the diffusion chapter; 8 Ch.s 3.1-3.2)
  • Nucleation and growth (8 Ch.s 3 and 5)
  • Kinetics of phase transitions (6 Ch. 2)
  • Heat, mass and momentum transfer principles (9 Ch.s 1-4 , 8, 17- 20)
  • Computational transport phenomena and finite difference  (35 Ch.s 8)
  • Reaction kinetics, heterogeneous catalysis and surface chemistry (7, Chs. 20-23)

3. Synthesis and processing

  • Synthesis and processing of polymers (11 Ch. 1-7)
  • Synthesis of inorganic materials (8 Ch. 5; 12 Ch. 20)
  • Glass formulations (12 Ch.s 1, 5, 6; 13 Ch.s 4, 5, and 6)
  • Processing of composites (37 Ch.s 1-4, 6-7)

4. Mechanical Properties and Deformation

  • Elastic behavior, Hooke’s law, stress-strain diagrams (14 Ch. 6; 15 Ch. 7)
  • Effect of bonding on elastic and plastic behavior (14 Ch. 6; 15 Ch. 7; 16 Ch. 7)
  • Mechanical testing methods (16 Ch. 4; 17 Ch. 6)
  • Viscous behavior and rheology (12 Ch.s 9, 13)
  • Strengthening mechanisms (8 Ch. 5; 17 Ch. 8)
  • Creep, stress relaxation (16 Ch. 15; 17 Ch. 6)
  • Failure of materials (16 Ch.s 1. 7&15; 8 Ch. 5)
  • Mechanical behavior of composites and their design (36 Ch.s 1-5)
  • Conformations of polymer chains (18 Ch. 2 - up to section 2.6.1), rubber elasticity (18 Ch. 7)

5. Characterization and Modeling of Materials

5.1 Structural characterization principles of materials.
  • XRD (19 Ch.s 1, 3, 4, 9, 12, 20; 20 Ch. 4.1)
  • TEM (21-entirety of the book; 20 Ch 2.4)
  • Surface characterization (22 Ch.1)
5.2 Spectroscopic methods (23 Ch.s 1, 4, 7; 24 Ch.s 2,3,7; 25)
  • Elemental and chemical methods
  • EDX (20 Ch. 3.1; 25 Ch.s 5 and 6)
  • NMR (Relaxational spectroscopy methods) (20 Ch. 8.4; 24 Ch.s 3,4,5))
  • IR methods (20 Ch. 8.1; 24 Ch.s 2)
  • UV absorption spectroscopy (25 Ch. 7)
5.3 Imaging
  • Optical microscopy principles (20 Ch. 2.1; The Olympus Microscopy Primer website)
  • SEM (20 Ch 2.2; 25 Ch.s 2, 3 and 4)
  • TEM (20 Ch 2.4; 21-entirety of the book)
  • AFM (20 Ch 2.3 (exclude STM); 22 Ch. 6.11)
5.4 Thermal (26 Ch.s 3,4,5,6; 27 Ch.s 2,3,5; 35 Ch.s 2,3,4)
  • DSC, DTA, TGA, DMA and evaluation of their output data.
5.5 Computational techniques
  • Force fields (28 Ch. 4)
  • Normal mode analysis and its relation to IR spectra (28 Ch. 5)
  • Conformational sampling of molecules (28 Ch. 9 up to 9.11)
  • Molecular Dynamics and its coarse-grained versions (e.g. dissipative particle dynamics) (28 Ch. 6-7)

6. Structure and Properties of Condensed Matter

  • Crystalline order in organic and inorganic solids, types of bonding, structural defects (14 Ch.s 2-4; 15 Ch.s 2-5; 29 Ch.s 4,7, 9-10; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Thermal properties (Thermal conduction in metals and insulators, heat capacity - 30 Chapter on Thermal Properties)
  • Electrical conduction: The classical approach and the quantum physical approach (30 Chapter on Electrical Conduction; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Principles of semiconductor behavior, p-n junctions, metal-semiconductor interfaces (30 Ch. 8; 31 Ch. 6; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Optical properties of materials (32 Ch. 8; 8 Ch. 1; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Dielectric behavior (8; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Origin of magnetism and different magnetism types (32 Ch. 9; 34-entirety of the book)
  • Sources of intra- and intermolecular forces between atoms and molecules (33 Ch.s 3-7)
  • Soft matter: van der Waals forces between surfaces (33 Ch. 11); charge surfaces in water and solvation forces in aqueous systems (33 Ch. 12); formation of aggregates; different time and length scales operating in self-assembly (33 Ch.s 16-17).

References
  1. D.V. Ragone, Thermodynamics of Materials Volumes 1 & 2, Wiley, 1995.
  2. M. W. Zemansky, R. H. Dittman, Heat and Thermodynamics: An Intermediate Textbook, McGraw Hill Higher Education, 7th Edition, 1997.
  3. H. B. Callen, Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics, John Wiley & Sons, 1985.
  4. D.A. Porter and K.E. Easterling, Phase Transformation in Metals and Alloys, Chapman and Hall, 1981.
  5. C. Bergeron and S. Risbud, Introduction to Phase Equilibria in Ceramics, American Ceramic Society Pub., 1984.
  6. M. F. Berard, M. and D. R. Wilder, “Fundamentals Of Phase Equilibria” In Ceramic Systems Marietta, OH R. A. N. Publishers, 1990
  7. Peter Atkins and Julio de Paula, Physical Chemistry, 7th Edition, W. H. Freeman, 2001.
  8. Y.M. Chiang, D.P. Birnie, W.D. Kingery, Physical Ceramics, Wiley, 1997.
  9. R. B. Brid, W. E. Stewart and E. N. Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2001.
  10. Paul Shewmon, Diffusion in Solids, Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, John Wiley ,1989.
  11. George G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization, Wiley-Interscience, 1991.
  12. Arun K. Varshneya, Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses , Academic Press, 1994
  13. S. R. Scholes and C. H. Greene, Modern Glass Practice, Cahners, 1975.
  14. J. F. Shackelford, Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers 7th Edition. Pearson, 2009.
  15. W. D. Callister, D. R. Rethwisch, Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering 3rd Edition. Wiley, 2008.
  16. Norman E. Dowling, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2006.
  17. C.S. Barret, W.D. Nix and A.S. Tetelman, Principles of Engineering Materials, Prentice Hall, 1973.
  18. M. Rubinstein & R.H. Colby, Polymer Physics, Oxford, 2003.
  19. B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-ray Diffraction, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001.
  20. C. R. Brundle, C. A. Evans, Jr., S. Wilson, L. E. Fitzpatrick, Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization: Surfaces, Interfaces, Thin Films, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1992.
  21. D. B. Williams and C. B. Carter, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Part 1: Basics, Springer, 2009.
  22. D. P. Woodruff, T. A. Delchar, Modern Techniques of Surface Science, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  23. J. Garcia Sole, L.E. Bausa, D. Jaque, An Introduction to the Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids, 2005.
  24. D. L. Pavia, G. M. Lampman, G. S. Kriz, J. A. Vyvyan, Introduction to Spectroscopy, 4th Edition, Brooks Cole, 2008.
  25. Silverstein R.M, Bassler G.C and Morrill T.C, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds. Wiley-Chichester, 1991.
  26. J. Goldstein, D. E. Newbury, D. C. Joy, C. E. Lyman, P. Echlin, E. Lifshin, L. Sawyer, J. R. Michael, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, 3rd Edition, Springer, 2003.
  27. R. Speyer, Thermal Analysis of Materials (Materials Engineering), CRC Press, 1993.
  28. Joseph D. Menczel and R. Bruce Prime, Thermal Analysis of Polymers, Fundamentals and Applications, Wiley, 2009.
  29. A. R. Leach, Molecular Modelling 2nd ed. Prentice Hall, 2001.
  30. J. Salyom, Fundamentals of the Physics of Solids: Volume 1: Structure and Dynamics, Springer, 2007.
  31. R. Hummel, Electronic Properties of Materials, 3rd Edition, Springer 2001.
  32. J. Singleton, Band Theory and Electronic Properties of Solids, Oxford University Press, 2001.
  33. L. Smart and E. Moore, Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, 2nd Edition, Chapman & Hall, 1995.
  34. J. Israelachvili, Intermolecular and Surface Forces 2nd Edition Academic Press, 1992.
  35. J. D. Livingston, Electronic Properties of Engineering Materials, Wiley, 1999.
  36. Osswald, Tim; Hernández-Ortiz, Juan P, Polymer Processing - Modeling and Simulation, Hanser Publishers, 2006.
  37. Autar K Kaw, Mechanics of Composite Materials, Taylor and Francis, 2005.
  38. Suresh G. Advani, E. Murat Sozer , Process Modeling in Composites Manufacturing, Dekker, 2007.