MAT Seminar: Ultrafast X-Ray Tomography of Breathing Mod...

MAT Seminar: Ultrafast X-Ray Tomography of Breathing Mod...

Speaker: Erzsi Syzilagi

Title: Ultrafast X-Ray Tomography of Breathing Mode Excitations in Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Date/Time: March 21, 2018  /  13:40-14:30

Place: SUNUM G111



Abstract: Nanoscale dimensions in materials lead to unique electronic and structural properties with applications ranging from site-specific drug delivery to anodes for lithium-ion batteries. These functional properties often involve large-amplitude strains and structural modifications, and thus require an understanding of the dynamics of these processes. Here we use femtosecond X-ray scattering techniques to visualize, in real time and with atomic-scale resolution, light-induced anisotropic strains in nanocrystal spheres and rods. Strains at the percent level are observed in CdS and CdSe samples, associated with a rapid expansion followed by contraction along the nanosphere or nanorod radial direction driven by a transient carrier induced stress. These morphological changes occur simultaneously with the first steps in the melting transition on hundreds of femtosecond timescales. This work represents the first direct real-time probe of the dynamics of these large-amplitude strains and shape changes in few-nanometre- scale particles



Contact: Selmiye Alkan Gürsel